SECTION:                  Faculty Appointment and Tenure
SUBJECT:                 General Appointment and Tenure
EFFECTIVE DATE:   July 5, 1988

PAGE(S):                   3


      This policy affirms the University's position on faculty appointment and tenure, including

      the purposes of academic tenure, and the rights of tenured or tenure-stream faculty

      regarding change of status.  The following is excerpted from the University of Pittsburgh

      BYLAWS.  (See Appendix A.)

      The following policies that regard tenure shall not be applied retroactively to those who

      hold tenure; and insofar as these change prior or existing policies of tenure, they shall

      have prospective application only.


      The work of the University requires a wide variety of talents, balanced among specialized

      fields.  Because these needs change over time, the University must be capable of

      responding to these changes.  Therefore, all recommendations of appointment and


      -     Not only must be evaluated in terms of the individual merits of the candidate,

      -     But also must take into account the current standards of the relevant discipline or

            profession at large,

      -     And the requirements of the candidate's department or school at the time of the

            recommendation and for the then foreseeable future.

      Because it is necessary to retain flexibility within the anticipated resources of the University,

      the proportion of tenured to non-tenured faculty must not rise to a level that would impair

      the University's or the school's capacity to respond to changing demands for its services.

      -     When a faculty member becomes eligible for consideration for promotion with tenure,

            this factor may be important to those who participate in the decision on whether or not

            tenure will be awarded.

      There will be periodic review (at least annually) of the faculty member's situation during

      probationary service.

      The faculty member will be advised of the time when decisions concerning renewal and

      tenure are to be made, and submit material so as to assure adequate consideration of

      questions of renewal and tenure.

      The non-tenured faculty member should seek advice and assistance from senior

      colleagues; the ability of senior colleagues to advise, assist, and ultimately to make a

      sound decision on renewal or tenure will be enhanced by an open opportunity for regular

      review of the qualifications of non-tenured faculty members.

      -     A total separation of the senior faculty roles in counseling and evaluation will not likely

            be possible, but review of a faculty member can be presented by a colleague and

            received by the subject faculty member in such a manner as to assist the subject

            faculty member's professional development.

      The initial locus of consideration for faculty appointment is at the department or school

      level, by peers; however:

      -     Concurrence by his or her dean and the Provost is required

      -     In addition, only the President can award tenure.

      Conferral of tenure, promotion to professor, and an appointment in the tenure stream at

      the rank of associate professor or professor are made by the President.

      -     He takes into account recommendations of the Provost and, if the appointment is in

            a school of the Health Sciences, of the Senior Vice President for the Health Sciences.

      Other appointments, promotions, and renewals of appointment are made by the Provost,

      -     Who takes into account recommendations from the appropriate dean or campus

            president or, if the appointment is in a school of the Health Sciences, from the Senior

            Vice President and deans of the Health Sciences.

      The University shall send to each new Member of the Faculty a letter setting forth the terms

      and conditions of his or her appointment.

      Each newly appointed person shall receive a copy of the Handbook for Faculty, which will

      summarize the policies governing faculty appointments which are in effect at the time.


      Academic tenure is a status accorded members of the University faculty who have

      demonstrated high ability and achievement in their dedication to growth of human knowledge.

      Tenure is intended to assure the University that there will be continuity in its experienced

      faculty and in the functions for which they are responsible.

      Promotion to tenured rank constitutes recognition by the University that a person so

      identified is qualified by achievements and contributions to knowledge as to be ranked

      among the most worthy of the members of the faculty engaged in scholarly endeavors:

      -     Research

      -     Teaching

      -     Professional training

      -     Creative intellectual activities of other kinds


      A tenured or tenure-stream faculty member may request to diminish his or her University

      responsibilities to no less than half-time and be permitted to:

      -     Retain membership in the University Faculty

      -     Continue as tenured, or in the tenure stream at a proportionately reduced salary and

            fringe benefits.

      These requests are approved by the Provost, who acts upon the recommendation of:

      -     The relevant dean, regional campus president, and, if in a school of the Health

            Sciences, the Senior Vice President for the Health Sciences.

      No person holding a full-time tenured or tenure-stream appointment, however, shall be

      required to accept less than a full-time appointment.


      University of Pittsburgh of the Commonwealth System of Higher Education - BYLAWS,

      Chapter II, Article II, Section II, "General Policies of Appointment and Tenure", Chapter II,

      Article II, Section I, "Academic Tenure: Purposes and Obligations", Chapter II, Article II,

      Section III, Paragraph C, "Full-time to Part-time Status."   Adopted by the Board of Trustees,

      January 14, 1969, and as amended thereafter.